Kyphoplasty is a procedure where a needle is inserted into the fractured vertebra, using x-ray imaging. A balloon is then positioned into the collapsed bone and inflated to create a cavity for cement injection. This step also restores some degree of height to the bone before cement injection. This image-guided technique (a technique guided by live x-rays) allows the doctor to accurately access the fracture while minimizing any trauma to surrounding tissue. A medical-grade liquid cement is then injected into the center of the vertebrae. As the cement solidifies, the broken bone is stabilized. Many patients feel immediate pain relief and are able to resume regular activities within a few days. The patient’s doctor will most likely schedule a follow-up visit and explain limitations, if any, on physical activity.

**Information sourced from the Society of Interventional Radiology.